The jigsaw machine is an electric saw that cuts by the vertical up-down motion, or reciprocating motion of a cutting blade. Although a jigsaw works similarly to a reciprocating saw, they are not the same machine. Jigsaws are also available as electric jigsaws and handheld jigsaws. Or even orbital jigsaws, but orbital only refers to those with orbital blade movement.
There are other electric saws with reciprocating cutting blades, but in this article we will focus on the common jigsaw machine used in woodworking and DIY projects that many people have at home.
A jigsaw is one of the most adaptable saws. It’s used for everything from carpeting to cutting metal, pipes, and other materials. Choosing the best jigsaw machine is frequently more difficult than it appears. A buyer should purchase a jigsaw that is both efficient and inexpensive. Before purchasing a jigsaw, it is critical to consider several factors to ensure that it serves all of its intended purposes. So, let’s go over some of the essential features that your jigsaw must-have.
Things to Consider Before Purchasing a Jigsaw Machine
1. Working Mechanism
A gear reducer converts the rotation of an electric motor into simple reciprocating movements with vertical saw movement. This is how all jigsaws are supposed to work. The jigsaw with an extra pendulum stroke is more difficult. When moving upward, the saw advances, and when moving downward, it retracts. A special pin that swings the saw support roller is added for a pendulum stroke. It propels the saw forward and then retracts it. A modern jigsaw machine allows you to change the rate at which the pendulum moves. The saw blade’s motion increases the cutting speed. However, it does not provide smooth or precise cutting. As a result, pendulum mode is used for rough cutting wood, plywood, and particleboard parts. Where quality and a clean-cut are required, turn off the pendulum movement.
A power tool’s main selection criteria is its power. It influences the material thickness that the saw can cut. It is both domestic and professional, as are all power machines. A domestic jigsaw typically uses 350 to 700 watts, whereas a professional jigsaw can use up to 1500 watts. However, the jigsaw power cannot be less than 700 watts. It is recommended to look for the maximum cutting depth as well as the power when choosing a jigsaw machine.
3. Rate of Stroke
A jigsaw must be able to change its stroke rate. Purchase the machine without this feature. Modern jigsaws have a stroke rate of 3500 per minute. The blades can be closed with a protective cover while in use to ensure safety. Some general stroke rate guidelines:
● A high saw blade rate is required when sawing wood.
● Plastics and aluminium require an average valued stroke rate.
● Steel necessitates a slow stroke rate.
● For ceramics, use a very low rate.
So, before you get a jigsaw, take a look at this feature.
4. Jigsaw Plate
You should pay special attention to the jigsaw machine soleplate. When pressed against the work table, the soleplate must be solid and subjected to a significant load. If the soleplate is deformed, high accuracy is impossible. As a result, it must be made of cast metal rather than stamped or plastic. The soleplate’s surface should be smooth and free of scratches. It’s even better if the soleplate has an anti-slip feature for cutting delicate or laminated materials.
5. Saw Blade Installation
Whether traditional or modern, every jigsaw comes with a fixed saw blade. A jigsaw blade of any thickness can be inserted into the block. So, when selecting one for your job, ensure that it has a perfect blade that can provide a perfect result. These are some important considerations to make before purchasing a jigsaw machine. Check the cord length, saw blade capacity, laser pointer, soft start function, and so on.
How to Operate a Jigsaw Machine
A saw and the appropriate saw blade are required, as are protective clothing such as gloves and goggles. You’ll need the right tools for a precise cut, such as a long ruler, a sharp pencil, and screw clamps. Next, depending on the thickness and material of your workpiece, you’ll need to select the appropriate saw blade. Saw blades for wood, plastic, plaster, and other materials are available. However, it is not only the material that must be considered; the thickness of the workpiece also plays a role.
2. Prepare your tools
Before we begin, you should gather your tools. You’ve already decided on the best jigsaw machine and saw blade for the job. Insert the saw blade until it clicks into place in the holder. Make sure your teeth are facing forward! You can now replace the battery or reconnect to the mains.
3. First draw, then saw
To ensure that your cut is absolutely perfect, first sketch out exactly where and how you want to saw. After you’ve marked everything, use screw clamps to secure your workpiece to a workbench or steady table. Ensure to leave the workpiece far enough over the tabletop so that you don’t get stuck or cut into your kitchen table while working.
4. Get started
When everything is ready, you can begin sawing using jigsaw machine. There are only two options here: cut freehand or cut along a guide rail. To begin sawing, place your jigsaw on the edge of the board and use light pressure to guide it along your markings. It is best to hold the saw in two hands to apply even, light pressure forward and onto the board. One hand should guide the saw forward with the handle, while the other should gently push downward.
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