Croatia is a country that is located in the Central and Southeast Europe. Croatia borders a total of 6 countries, Slovenia, Herzegovina, Montenegro, Hungary, Serbia, Bosnia and the Adriatic Sea. Croatia has a population of around 4.28 million who are majorly Roman Catholics. Tourism is the main source of revenue for the Croatian government.
Looking at the brief history of tourism in Croatia, we find that tourism began back in the 19th century. This can be summed up as 150 years of tourism. It all began with the construction of guest houses and inns in the early phase of the 19th century. Apart from the guest houses and inns, Croatians had also constructed famous hotels for tourist. This was especially after the founding of tourism-related activities especially along the islands.
After the end of the first world war, tourism in Croatia took shape. This was after the construction of roads, railways and as well steamships that sailed via the Adriatic Sea. Croatia sailing is still one of the most popular things to do in Croatia. There were books that were written to act as a guide. These actions promoted tourism and in 1930 a milestone was achieved as the tourism sector recorded 1 million tourists. This led to the introduction of tourist taxes that were compulsory. tourism is the most practised activity in croatia.
The 1960’s saw the revival of tourism after its destruction during the second world war. This was characterized by the building of hotels, villages marinas, and campsites. 1979 was a special year for the tourism sector as 3 locations were registered as the UNESCO world heritage. The 1990’s were characterized by the privatization of tourism companies. During this period, there was a huge increase in the number of foreign tourists visiting the country more than that of domestic tourist.
Intense advertising has seen the number grow in the past ten years. The number of tourist from France, Poland, Germany, and the Netherlands has grown to a number exceeding 10 million tourists. The change in the structure of tourism is the other factor that has also contributed greatly to tourism. Croatia is a small country and cannot be compared to major tourist powers like Greece, Spain, Italy or France. In 2012 alone, the tiny country recorded 11.8 million tourists making it one of the largest tourist destinations in the Mediterranean.
Looking at how the structure has gone ahead to turn around the tourism sector, we find that numerous activities have ended up being implemented. Some of the activities include the introduction of low budget airlines. This form of transport is the most fastest and preferred by many people. This new plan has gone ahead to attract many foreign tourists. The introduction of luxury cruises plying some destinations.
Other reforms are the presence of low-cost accommodation. This has implementation has mainly favored tourist with low purchasing power. The opening of new marinas and the extension of the existing has also turned to work. This is mainly because most of the tourist visiting the country come individually rather than an organized group. These numerous changes have seen the country make a huge step in the tourism sector.